In the mid 1990s, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) discovered moderate levels of contamination in the soil where the ash was deposited. Over the next several years, studies and tests confirmed the presence of lead, arsenic, dioxin and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) in the soil.
In response, the City voluntarily entered into an Administration Order on Consent (AOC) with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to determine the extent of the contamination and make the appropriate steps to remediate the areas.
In the project’s Record of Decision, the EPA concluded that the site did not meet the requirements for listing as an NPL (National Priorities List) site, but should still be considered as a NPL-caliber project. This allowed the EPA to address the cleanup through the Superfund Alternative Approach.
Although the project is under the Federal Superfund Alternative approach and EPA guidance, the City is bearing the full cost of the project.
ETM Selected as program director
In 2007, the City selected ETM to serve as Program Director for the remediation. The joint City/ETM Program Director team is responsible for the oversight and implementation of the remediation of all four sites.
Services for this large and ongoing project include:
- Program Management
- Value Engineering
- Public Outreach Support
- Remedial Design Work Plan & Report
- Preliminary Remediation Design Drawings
- Remedial Action Work Plans
- Bid Plans and Specifications
- Remediation Observation and Construction Administration
As a first step, ETM prepared and submitted a Preliminary Remedial Design Report, including Preliminary Design Drawings for each of the affected parcels within the four sites, to EPA and DEP for review and approval.
The report and the accompanying designs were based on sampling data from each site and parcel. The samples enabled ETM to prepare design drawings for remediating only the area(s) within each parcel that had ash contamination to the 2-foot depth required by the Record of Decision.
Fast Tracking Several Projects
In 2008 and 2009, the City requested that EPA approve a “fast track” for two schools and several development projects planned within the sites. These included both public and private projects.
For each of the projects listed below, ash contaminated soil was removed to a depth of two feet within the impacted pervious area across the site. The ash contaminated soil was then stockpiled to undergo TCLP sampling and analysis, before it was properly manifested for transport to the Trail Ridge Landfill for re-use as initial cover on the landfill.
ETM was the program director for each of these projects and provided engineering and construction services for the remediation.
- Program Management
- Work Plan Preparation
- Project Management
- Design Specifications
- Remediation Design
- Bidding Assistance
- Construction Engineering and Inspection
In the early twentieth century thru the 1960s, the City of Jacksonville burned its solid waste in incinerators. The ash byproduct was mixed with soil and given away to area residents and used as fill material as well as disposed at several dump sites. In the mid 1990s, it was determined that the ash contaminated soil was deposited within four sites. Combined, these sites make up over 1,000 acres and approximately 3,200 residential, commercial and industrial parcels.
Darnell-Cookman Middle School
Project Dates: June - August 2008
Remediated Soil: 14,784 Cubic Yards (20,698 tons)
Details: In April, 2008, the City of Jacksonville, in collaboration with Duval County Public Schools, requested the EPA allow the “fast track” remediation of Darnell-Cookman Middle School, located on North Davis St. The Remedial Work Plan was prepared for the school and approved by the EPA in June. Remediation began in June and was completed in August.
John E. Ford Elementary School
Project Dates: June - August 2008
Remediated Soil: 10,488 cubic yards (14,684 tons)
Details: In April, 2008, the City, in collaboration with Duval County Public Schools, requested the EPA allow the “fast track” remediation of the elementary school so the work could be completed during the summer months. The Remedial Work Plan was prepared by ETM and approved by the EPA in June 2008. Remediation began in June and was completed in August.
Animal Care & Control (ACCF)
Animal Care & Control (ACCF)
Project Dates: August 2008 - January 2009
Remediated Soil: 14,210 cubic yards (19,896 tons)
Details: In April, 2008, the City requested the EPA allow the “fast track” remediation of this site so that the work could be completed in anticipation of construction of a new Animal Care & Control Facility. The Remedial Work Plan was prepared for the proposed facility and approved by the EPA in June 2008. Remediation began in August 2008 and was completed on January 28, 2009.
St. Stephen Ash Remediation
Project Dates: May - July 2009
Remediated Soil: 3,435 cubic yards (4,809 tons)
In November, 2008, the City, in collaboration with St. Stephen Church, requested the EPA allow the “fast track” remediation of St. Stephen Church Property in anticipation of new facility construction. The Remedial Work Plan was prepared for the church property and approved by the EPA in March, 2009. Remediation began in May and was completed in July.
Department of Veterans Administration Medical Clinic
Project Date: 2012
The VA planned to build a new 135,000 sq. ft. clinic to accommodate an expansion to their offered services. The project site was located within one of the Ash Sites and was slated for remediation. ETM, in concert with the architect, developed the site plan for the project to provide remediation that would work in conjunction with the development. ETM also coordinated with the City of Jacksonville to provide off-site stormwater management to allow the project to advance without on-site stormwater ponds. Additional Services includes Site Planning, Civil/Site Design, Landscape Architecture and Regulatory Permitting.
Residential Remediation Projects include the Following:
Project Dates: November 2009 thru November 2013
Remediated Soil: 134,886 Tons
Parcels Remediated: 211
In November of 2009, the City of Jacksonville began remediation for the Browns Dump Site, located in an area north of Kings Road just west of Moncrief Road. The remediation included the former Mary McLeod School site which is currently operating as a community center, Moncrief Village and many single-family residences. Remediation for Parts 1 thru 3 was started in 2009 and was completed in 2013.
Project Dates: January 2010 thru July 2014
Remediated Soil: 155,669 Tons
Parcels Remediated: 391
In January of 2010, the City of Jacksonville began remediation for the 5th & Cleveland Incinerator Site, located in an area just north of the intersection of 5th and Cleveland Streets, approximately one mile northwest of downtown Jacksonville. The remediation has included several city parks, Blodgett Villas and numerous single-family residences. Remediation for Parts 1 thru 4 started in 2010 and was completed in 2014. 5th & Cleveland was awarded the 2013 Florida Chapter American Public Works Association Environmental Project of the Year Award.
Project Dates: February 2010 thru July 2014
Remediated Soil: 111,883 Tons
Parcels Remediated: 386
In February of 2010, the City of Jacksonville began remediation for the Forest Street Incinerator Site, located west of Park Street between McCoys Creek Blvd and Interstate I-10. The remediation has included J.S. Johnson Senior Center, numerous single-family residences as well as commercial and industrial properties. Remediation for Parts 1 thru 4 started in 2010 and was completed in 2014.
5th& Cleveland and Forest Street OU2 Sites
Project Dates: September 2012 thru January 2014
Remediated Soil: 52,750 Tons
Parcels Remediated: 283
Both the 5th& Cleveland and Forest Street Sites included additional areas of remediation called Operable Unit 2 (OU2). These areas were combined into one contract and remediation began in September 2012 thru January 2014. This project included remediation of the Brooklyn area prior to the currently redevelopment.
Project Dates: March 2010 thru May2013
Remediated Soil: 31,376 Tons
Parcels Remediated: 63
In March of 2010, the City of Jacksonville began remediation for the Lonnie Miller Site, located north of Edgewood Ave adjacent to Moncrief Road just south of Soutel Drive. The remediation has included Charles Reese Park and many single-family residences. Remediation started in March 2010 and was completed in 2013.
Hollybrook Apartment Property
Project Dates: April 13, 2010 thru September 9, 2010
The National Housing Trust/Enterprise Preservation Corporation offered a federal low-interest loan for the redevelopment of the Hollybrook Apartments Property so the remediation was conducted on a fast-track schedule so the loan could be granted. The site is approximately 11.7 acres and is bound to the north by a CSX railway, to the south by the West Jacksonville Health Department, to the east by King Street and the Duval County School board, and to the west by the Burke Street Site. The Hollybrook Apartments Property remediation consisted of the removal of approximately 25,233 tons (16,822 cubic yards) of soil impacted with ash.
* Projects still requiring remediation are the 5th& Cleveland Site Parts 5 and 6 as well as remnant parcels within Forest Street, Browns Dump and Lonnie Miller Sites. This project will start in the spring of 2015 and will be completed in the summer of 2016. This includes the remediation of approximately 275 parcels.